Crafting is the method by which many items and blocks are made in Minecraft. In order to craft something, players must move items from their inventory to a crafting grid. A crafting grid can be accessed from the player's inventory and a grid can be accessed by using a crafting table.
For some items, the arrangement of their ingredients on the crafting grid is unimportant. These are commonly known as shapeless recipes. For example, a fermented spider eye can have its ingredients placed anywhere within the grid. On the other hand, many game objects must have their ingredients placed in the correct relative positions on the crafting grid. These are commonly known as shaped recipes. Ingredients in shaped recipes can be slid up, down, left, or right. They can also be flipped horizontally. For example, a recipe, such as bread, can be made using the top, middle, or bottom row of the grid, but it cannot be made using the grid because it needs to be three items wide, and a bow may be made with the strings placed on the right instead of on the left There are recipes that may not be moved or mirrored in this way. These are commonly known as fixed recipes. Players always have access to the crafting grid from their inventory screen. Crafting recipes that are at most can be made there. These include wood planks, sticks, crafting tables, torches and some shapeless recipes. To craft items using a grid, create a crafting table, place it in the world, and right click it. This brings up an inventory with a crafting grid which the player can use to craft any crafting recipe in the game.